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Book Title: Il garofano rosso|
The author of the book: Elio Vittorini
ISBN 13: 9788804492535
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 745 KB
Date of issue: 2001
Read full description of the books Il garofano rosso:Scritto negli anni Trenta, ma apparso in volume solo nel 1948 a causa della censura fascista, Il garofano rosso di Vittorini rappresenta uno dei più riusciti esempi di romanzo di formazione della letteratura italiana. Ambientato in Sicilia ai tempi del delitto Matteotti, il libro ha per protagonista Alessio Mainardi, un liceale inquieto e ribelle attratto dagli aspetti rivoluzionari e antiborghesi del primo fascismo. All'avventura politica, tuttavia, il giovane alterna ben presto quella sentimentale, dapprima intrecciando una relazione fuggevole e ideale con la studentessa Giovanna, dalla quale riceve, quale pegno d'amore, il simbolico e contesissimo garofano rosso, e in seguito impegnandosi in un rapporto concreto e sensuale con la misteriosa prostituta Zobeida. Da queste esperienze Alessio uscirà profondamente trasformato, e ciò lo porterà a compiere i primi incerti passi verso la maturità e la libertà interiore.
Read information about the authorElio Vittorini (July 23, 1908 - February 12, 1966) was an Italian writer and novelist. He was a contemporary of Cesare Pavese and an influential voice in the modernist school of novel writing. His best-known work is the anti-fascist novel Conversations in Sicily, for which he was jailed when it was published in 1941. The first U.S. edition of the novel, published in 1949, included an introduction from Ernest Hemingway, whose style influenced Vittorini and that novel in particular.
Vittorini was born in Syracuse, Sicily, and throughout his childhood moved around Sicily with his father, a railroad worker. Several times he ran away from home, culminating in his leaving Sicily for good in 1924. For a brief period, he found employment as a construction worker in the Julian March, after which he moved to Florence to work as a type corrector (a line of work he abandoned in 1934 due to lead poisoning). Around 1927 his work began to be published in literary journals. In many cases, separate editions of his novels and short stories from this period, such as The Red Carnation were not published until after World War II, due to fascist censorship. In 1937, he was expelled from the Fascist Party for writing in support of the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War.
In 1939 he moved once again, this time to Milan. An anthology of American literature which he edited was, once more, delayed by censorship. Remaining an outspoken critic of Mussolini's regime, Vittorini was arrested and jailed in 1942. He joined the Italian Communist Party and began taking an active role in the Resistance, which provided the basis for his 1945 novel Men and not Men. Also in 1945, he briefly became the editor of the Italian Communist daily L'Unità.
After the war, Vittorini chiefly concentrated on his work as editor, helping publish work by young Italians such as Calvino and Fenoglio. His last major published work of fiction during his lifetime was 1956's Erica and her Sisters. The news of the events of the Hungarian Uprising deeply shook his convictions in Communism and made him decide to largely abandon writing, leaving unfinished work which was to be published in unedited form posthumously. For the remainder of his life, Vittorini continued in his post as an editor. He also ran a candidate on a PSI list. He died in Milan in 1966.
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